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Abstract


Modern Uyghur and Modern Uyghur Dictionaries
Today, Uyghurs live mainly in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, in northwest China and their population approximately amounts to 10 million. Also, nearly 300,000 Uyghurs live in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and in neighbor countries; Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. Until the beginnings of the 20th century, East Turkistan Uyghurs have been called with their regional names like “Kaşkarlık”, “Turpanlık” etc. Especially, with the foundation of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in 1955, they started to use the “Uyghur” ethnic name officially. Now, in Xinjiang, other than Modern Uyghur, five Turkic languages are spoken. These languages are Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Uzbek, Tatar and Tuvan. Among these Turkic speaking communities, the Modern Uyghur is a common communication language, namely, “lingua franca”. There are various ideas about the classification of Modern Uyghur’s dialects. However, the common point of these ideas is that Modern Uyghur dialects are divided mainly into two branches: northern and southern dialects. Until the mid-20th century, Uyghurs used Arabic alphabet. In Xinjiang, between 1950 and 1983, Cyrillic alphabet and Latin alphabet (in Uyghur Ye?i Yezi?) were used. From 1983 to the present day, with the improvements on the orthography, Arabic alphabet (in Uyghur Kona Yezi?) has been used by Uyghurs. Lexicography occupies an important place in Modern Uyghur studies and the first Uyghur dictionary dates back to 1880. Since then, a large number of both monolingual and bilingual Uyghur dictionaries have been prepared.

Keywords
Uyghurs, Modern Uyghur, Eynu, Uyghur dialects, Uyghur alphabets, Uyghur dictionaries



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